//101 branches of Science | Branches Of Science List A to Z.

101 branches of Science | Branches Of Science List A to Z.

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Biology: Branch of science in which living being are studied.

Bios = Life and Logos = Study. Therefore the study of life is called Biology. The term biology was first coined by Lamarck and Treviranus in the year 1801. Biology has two main branches:

1. Botany: study of different aspects of plants. Theophrastus is known as father of Botany. 2. Zoology: Study of various aspects of animals. Aristotle is called father of Zoology as well as Biology

Major Branches Of Science:

Important list of Science

  1. Acoustics

    The Study of sound and sound waves.

  2. Aerodynamics

    The study of forces acting upon bodies in motion in the air (for example aircraft, missile, etc).

  3. Agrostology

    The study of grasses.

  4. Aeronautics

    Concerned with all activities of aerial locomotion (art of flying).

  5. Agronomy

    The science of soil management and the production of field crops.

  6. Anatomy

    The science of the structure of the animal/human body learnt by dissection.

  7. Arthrology

    Study of joints.

  8. Apiculture

    Rearing of honey bee for honey

  9. Anthropology

    Study of origin, development, and relationship between the culture of past and present human.

  10. Anthology

    Study of flowers and flowering plants.

  11. Angiology

    Study of blood vascular system including arteries and veins.

  12. Andrology

    Study of male reproductive organ.

  13. Bryology

    Study of Bryophytes.

  14. Biometrics

    Statical study of Biological problem.

  15. Biomedical Engineering

    Production and designing of spare part for overcoming various defects in man. e.g. Artificial limbs, Iron lung, Pacemaker etc.

  16. Biotechnology

    Technology concerned with living beings for wilful manipulation on molecular level.

  17. Bacteriology

    Study of bacteria.

  18. Cytology

    Study of cell.

  19. Cryobiology

    It is the study of the effect of low temperature on organisms and their preservation.

  20. Clone

    Clones are genetically identical individual in a population.

  21. Cardiology

    Study of Herat.

  22. Demography

    Study of population.

  23. Diffusion

    Random movement of molecule / ion or gases from a region of higher concentration to lower concentration.

  24. Dermatology

    Study of skin.

  25. Dendrochronology

    Counting and analysing annual growth rings of tree to know its age.

  26. Ecology

    Study of inter-relationship between living and their environment.

  27. Evolution

    Study of origin of life, variation and formation of new species.

  28. Embryology

    Study of fertilization of egg, formation of zygote and development of embryo.

  29. Eugenics

    Study of factors connected with the improvement of human race.

  30. Euthenics

    Study of environmental condition that contribute to the improvement of human beings.

  31. Euphenics

    Treatment of defective in heredity through genetics engineering.

  32. Ethnology

    Study of science dealing with different races of human.

  33. Ethology

    Study of animal behaviour in their natured habitats.

  34. Etiology

    Study of causative agent of disease.

  35. Entomology

    Study of Insects.

  36. Exobiology

    Study of possibility of life in space.

  37. Floriculture

    Cultivation of plant for flower.

  38. Food Technology

    Scientific processing, preservation, storage and transportation of food.

  39. Forensic Science

    Application of science for identification of various facts of civilian.

  40. Fishery

    Catching, breeding, rearing and marketing of fishes.

  41. Forestry

    Development and management of forest.

  42. Fermentation

    Process of incomplete oxidation that occurs in microbes and other cells in the absence o oxygen, leading to the formation of ethyl alcohol.

  43. Genetics

    Study of variation and transmission of heredity character from parents to their young ones.

  44. Growth

    Permanent increase in weight, volume and size of an organism.

  45. Genetic Engineering

    Manipulation of gene in order to improve the organism.

  46. Gynecology

    Study of female reproductive organ.

  47. Gerontology

    Study of Ageing.

  48. Gastroenterology

    Study of alimentary canal or stomach, intestine and their disease.

  49. Hypertonic

    when two solutions have different state concentration. The sol at ion which have higher concentration is called hypertonic.

  50. Hypotonic

    In two solution which has lower solute concentration is called hypotonic.

  51. Homeothermic

    Animals who have constant body temperature are called Homeothermic or Warm blooded animals.

  52. Histology

    study of tissue organisation and their internal structure with the help of microscope.

  53. Hygiene

    Science taking care of health.

  54. Hydroponics

    Study of growing plant without soil in water which contain nutrient.

  55. Haematology

    Study of blood.

  56. Hepatology

    Study of Liver.

  57. Ichthyology

    Study of fishes.

  58. Immunology

    Study of immune system or resistance of body to disease.

  59. Kalology

    Study of human beauty.

  60. Metazoans

    All multicellular animals are called Metazoans.

  61. Monoecious

    Plant which have both male and female flower.

  62. Morphology

    Study of external structure.

  63. Microbiology

    Study of micro-organism like virus, bacteria, algae, fungi, and protozoa.

  64. Molecular Biology

    Study of molecule found in the body of living organism.

  65. Medicine

    Study of treating disease by drug.

  66. Mammography

    Brach of science which deal test of breast cancer.

  67. Mycology

    Study of Fungi.

  68. Nutrients

    Chemical substance taken as food which are necessary for various function, growth and health of living.

  69. Neurology

    Study of nervous system.

  70. Neonatology

    Study of new born.

  71. Nephrology

    Study of kidneys.

  72. Osmosis

    Movement of water molecule across the semipermeable membrane from the region of its higher concentration to the region of lower communication.

  73. Odontology

    Study of teeth and gum.

  74. Osteology

    Study of bones.

  75. Oncology

    Study of cancer and tumours.

  76. Obstetrics

    Science related with care of pregnant woman before, during and after child birth.

  77. Ornitology

    Study of Birds.

  78. Ophthalmology

    Study of Eyes.

  79. Orthopaedics

    Diagnosis and repair of disorder of locomotery system.

  80. Phytoplanlktons

    Microscopic organism which passively float on the surface of water.

  81. Parasite

    Organism which depends on other living organism for their food and shelter.

  82. Poikilothermic

    Organism which change their body temperature according to surrounding. These are also called cold blooded animal.

  83. Pigment

    A substance which absorb light of certain wavelength like Chlorophyll found in green leaves.

  84. Paleontology

    Study of Fossils.

  85. Physiology

    Study of function of various system of organism.

  86. Pathology

    Study of diseases, effects, causable agents and transmission of pathogens.

  87. Pomology

    Study of fruit and fruit yielding plant.

  88. Psychiatry

    Treatment of mental disease.

  89. Psychology

    Study of human mind and behavior.

  90. Pisciculture

    Rearing of Fishes.

  91. Phycology

    Study of Algae.

  92. Paediatrics

    Brach of medicine dealing with children.

  93. Parasitology

    Study of Parasite.

  94. Photobiology

    Effect of light on various biological processes.

  95. Phylogeny

    Evolutionary history of Organism.

  96. Physiotherapy

    Treatment of body defects through massage and exercise.

  97. Radiology

    science dealing with the effect of radiation on living beings.

  98. Rhinology

    Study of nose and olfactory organs.

  99. Sonography

    Study of ultrasound imaging.

  100. Saurology

    Study of Lizards.

  101. Serology

    Study of serum, interaction of antigen and antibodies in the blood.

  102. Sphygmology

    Study of pulse and arterial pressure.

  103. Taxonomy

    Study of classification, nomenclature and identification of organism.

  104. Telepathy

    Communication of thoughts or ideas from one mind to another without normal use of sense. In other word this is the process of mental contact.

  105. Veterinary Science

    Science of health care and treatment of domestic animals.

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