Biology: Branch of science in which living being are studied.
Bios = Life and Logos = Study. Therefore the study of life is called Biology. The term biology was first coined by Lamarck and Treviranus in the year 1801. Biology has two main branches:
1. Botany: study of different aspects of plants. Theophrastus is known as father of Botany. 2. Zoology: Study of various aspects of animals. Aristotle is called father of Zoology as well as Biology
Major Branches Of Science:
The Study of sound and sound waves.
The study of forces acting upon bodies in motion in the air (for example aircraft, missile, etc).
The study of grasses.
Concerned with all activities of aerial locomotion (art of flying).
The science of soil management and the production of field crops.
The science of the structure of the animal/human body learnt by dissection.
Study of joints.
Rearing of honey bee for honey
Study of origin, development, and relationship between the culture of past and present human.
Study of flowers and flowering plants.
Study of blood vascular system including arteries and veins.
Study of male reproductive organ.
Study of Bryophytes.
Statical study of Biological problem.
- Biomedical Engineering
Production and designing of spare part for overcoming various defects in man. e.g. Artificial limbs, Iron lung, Pacemaker etc.
Technology concerned with living beings for wilful manipulation on molecular level.
Study of bacteria.
Study of cell.
It is the study of the effect of low temperature on organisms and their preservation.
Clones are genetically identical individual in a population.
Study of Herat.
Study of population.
Random movement of molecule / ion or gases from a region of higher concentration to lower concentration.
Study of skin.
Counting and analysing annual growth rings of tree to know its age.
Study of inter-relationship between living and their environment.
Study of origin of life, variation and formation of new species.
Study of fertilization of egg, formation of zygote and development of embryo.
Study of factors connected with the improvement of human race.
Study of environmental condition that contribute to the improvement of human beings.
Treatment of defective in heredity through genetics engineering.
Study of science dealing with different races of human.
Study of animal behaviour in their natured habitats.
Study of causative agent of disease.
Study of Insects.
Study of possibility of life in space.
Cultivation of plant for flower.
- Food Technology
Scientific processing, preservation, storage and transportation of food.
- Forensic Science
Application of science for identification of various facts of civilian.
Catching, breeding, rearing and marketing of fishes.
Development and management of forest.
Process of incomplete oxidation that occurs in microbes and other cells in the absence o oxygen, leading to the formation of ethyl alcohol.
Study of variation and transmission of heredity character from parents to their young ones.
Permanent increase in weight, volume and size of an organism.
- Genetic Engineering
Manipulation of gene in order to improve the organism.
Study of female reproductive organ.
Study of Ageing.
Study of alimentary canal or stomach, intestine and their disease.
when two solutions have different state concentration. The sol at ion which have higher concentration is called hypertonic.
In two solution which has lower solute concentration is called hypotonic.
Animals who have constant body temperature are called Homeothermic or Warm blooded animals.
study of tissue organisation and their internal structure with the help of microscope.
Science taking care of health.
Study of growing plant without soil in water which contain nutrient.
Study of blood.
Study of Liver.
Study of fishes.
Study of immune system or resistance of body to disease.
Study of human beauty.
All multicellular animals are called Metazoans.
Plant which have both male and female flower.
Study of external structure.
Study of micro-organism like virus, bacteria, algae, fungi, and protozoa.
- Molecular Biology
Study of molecule found in the body of living organism.
Study of treating disease by drug.
Brach of science which deal test of breast cancer.
Study of Fungi.
Chemical substance taken as food which are necessary for various function, growth and health of living.
Study of nervous system.
Study of new born.
Study of kidneys.
Movement of water molecule across the semipermeable membrane from the region of its higher concentration to the region of lower communication.
Study of teeth and gum.
Study of bones.
Study of cancer and tumours.
Science related with care of pregnant woman before, during and after child birth.
Study of Birds.
Study of Eyes.
Diagnosis and repair of disorder of locomotery system.
Microscopic organism which passively float on the surface of water.
Organism which depends on other living organism for their food and shelter.
Organism which change their body temperature according to surrounding. These are also called cold blooded animal.
A substance which absorb light of certain wavelength like Chlorophyll found in green leaves.
Study of Fossils.
Study of function of various system of organism.
Study of diseases, effects, causable agents and transmission of pathogens.
Study of fruit and fruit yielding plant.
Treatment of mental disease.
Study of human mind and behavior.
Rearing of Fishes.
Study of Algae.
Brach of medicine dealing with children.
Study of Parasite.
Effect of light on various biological processes.
Evolutionary history of Organism.
Treatment of body defects through massage and exercise.
science dealing with the effect of radiation on living beings.
Study of nose and olfactory organs.
Study of ultrasound imaging.
Study of Lizards.
Study of serum, interaction of antigen and antibodies in the blood.
Study of pulse and arterial pressure.
Study of classification, nomenclature and identification of organism.
Communication of thoughts or ideas from one mind to another without normal use of sense. In other word this is the process of mental contact.
- Veterinary Science
Science of health care and treatment of domestic animals.